Wisdom teeth are the four permanent adult teeth which are situated at the back corners of your mouth. They are the third molars in each of the four quadrants of the human dentition. Wisdom teeth generally grow between the ages of 17 and 25 and are technically referred to as vestigial third molars. It is believed that ancestral jaws were longer and so could accommodate more teeth.
However for you, wisdom teeth are usually extracted because they could cause tooth impaction and are usually sites for infection, for example, pericoronitis- which is an inflammation of the tissue that surrounds a wisdom tooth that did not erupt completely (95% of cases occur in lower wisdom teeth). Another reason why your wisdom teeth should be removed is that you most likely do not have enough room. If you do not remove your wisdom teeth in this situation, it can cause problems for you, including dental caries and decay.
We have highly trained and specialized dentists that carry out the process of wisdom teeth extraction.
Just for you to understand, when you come to us for the procedure of wisdom teeth extraction, we first take a mouth x-ray to help have a clear picture of the situation of things in there and who should carry out the procedure.
The next step is giving of anaesthesia. Majorly, we use local anaesthesia to numb the area around your mouth where the procedure is being carried out, so you do not feel pain. If you feel a little anxious, a sedative might be administered to you so that you feel relaxed. We rarely use general anaesthetic during wisdom teeth removal.
After anaesthesia, the dentist would proceed to remove the tooth. If the wisdom tooth has not erupted through the gum, then an incision might be made to get access to it. However, if it has erupted through the gum, then an incision would not be necessary. During the procedure, we might also have to remove a piece of bone. You might also feel some pressure during the procedure due to the back and forth rocking movements of the dentist as they try to remove the tooth out of the socket. You normally should not feel any pain, since the area has been numbed. However, if you do feel pain you should let the dentist know. During extraction, the tooth might be split into several pieces to make removal much easier.
Once the tooth has been removed, dissolving stitches are used to seal the site up sometimes. These stitches usually dissolve after 7 to 10 days. You would be given some instructions by the dentist to abstain from hot solids or liquids within 24 hours. You would also be asked to bite your jaws together for up to 60 minutes. This is to enable formation of blood clots which is part of the normal healing process. Avoiding strenuous activity or rinsing your mouth with liquids are other instructions that would be passed to you.
The process of Wisdom teeth extraction might look very simple, however, it must be handled by professionals like us. We take our patients very seriously and your care and relief is our priority.